“This is a monumental sea change,” said Raymond Dowd, the lawyer for Jewish heirs, of the Manhattan Supreme Court-issued decision on prejudgment interest. “An art dealer or a museum refusing to stop now has a meaningful _financial downside,” he said, when they continue to litigate cases in which a trial court has already awarded possession of Nazi-looted art back to the family or heirs of a Jewish person who’d rightfully owned the artwork before Nazis took it away.
“Das ist eine dramatische Veränderung”, sagte Raymond Dowd, der Anwalt der jüdischen Erben, über die Entscheidung des Obersten Gerichtshofs von Manhattan zu den Vorfälligkeitszinsen. “Ein Kunsthändler oder ein Museum, das sich weigert, damit aufzuhören, hat jetzt einen bedeutenden finanziellen Nachteil”, sagte er, wenn sie weiterhin Fälle prozessieren, in denen ein Gericht den Besitz von NS-Raubkunst bereits der Familie oder den Erben einer jüdischen Person zugesprochen hat, die das Kunstwerk rechtmäßig besessen hatte, bevor die Nazis es wegnahmen.
In Nazi-Looted Art Case Judge Rules Prejudgment Interest Owed by Wrongful Possessor Who Continued to Litigate _ New York Law Journal_epdf
In Nazi-Looted Art Case Judge Rules Prejudgment Interest Owed by Wrongful Possessor Who Continued to Litigate _ New York Law Journal
Download the article also from: https://www.law.com/newyorklawjournal/2021/07/15/in-nazi-looted-art-case-judge-rules-prejudgment-interest-owed-by-wrongful-possessor-who-continued-to-litigate/
The Limbach Commission recommends that the City of Cologne restitute the watercolor “Crouching Female Nude” by Egon Schiele to the heirs of the Viennese dentist Heinrich Rieger.
Heinrich Rieger had lost his collection almost entirely through distress sales or Aryanization due to persecution. Before March 1938, there is only evidence of a few individual cases of Schiele works being sold. The city of Cologne was unable to present any evidence to the contrary that the disputed watercolor was not one of the works lost to persecution. Since it considers Heinrich Rieger’s ownership of the work of art to be proven and the presumption of a loss due to Nazi persecution to be not refuted, the Advisory Commission unanimously spoke out in favor of restitution.
Die Limbach-Kommission empfiehlt der Stadt Köln die Restitution des Aquarells „Kauernder weiblicher Akt“ von Egon Schiele an die Erben des Wiener Zahnarztes Heinrich Rieger.
Heinrich Rieger hatte seine Sammlung verfolgungsbedingt fast zur Gänze durch Notverkäufe oder Arisierungen verloren. Abgaben von Schiele-Werken sind vor März 1938 nur in wenigen Einzelfällen nachweisbar. Einen Gegenbeweis, dass das umstrittene Aquarell nicht zu den verfolgungsbedingt verlorenen Werken gehörte, konnte die Stadt Köln nicht vorlegen. Da sie Heinrich Riegers Eigentum an dem Kunstwerk als erwiesen und die Vermutung eines NS-verfolgungsbedingten Verlustes nicht widerlegt sieht, sprach sich die Beratende Kommission einstimmig für die Restitution aus.
Following the New York Appellate Division’s affirmance of the New York State Supreme Court’s decision in Reif v. Nagy ordering the turnover of two works of art transferred under duress, if not stolen, following the Nazi takeover of Austria to the heirs of their original Jewish owner, Fritz Grünbaum, the dispute has turned to the increasingly significant issue of pre-judgment interest.
20210115 UPDATE – Dispute over Ownership of Nazi Victim’s Art Turns to Pre-judgment Interest _ HHR Art Law
Finden Sie hier die deutsche Übersetzung:
20210115 - Update Blog
Vor 80 Jahren verstarb Fritz Grünbaum im Konzentrationslager Dachau.
80 years ago Fritz Grünbaum died in the concentration camp Dachau.
(Translation of this article is enclosed in the pdf)
Kurier vom 7. Jän. 2021 zum 80.Todestag von Fritz Grünbaum
“As long as they continue to assert title, we can’t sell the artworks,” said the lawyer for the
Jewish heirs to an Austrian 1920s art collector who had owned the Egon Schiele paintings
before the Nazis imprisoned him.
The heirs are claiming that interest on the artworks they
won possession of continues to grow as the interest amount is disputed and leave for appeal
on the merits is sought.
Here a rough german translation
The question of whether there is looted art in the Leopold Museum Vienna has lost none of its topicality. By next year’s 20th anniversary of the museum, not even 90% of the collection, some 3,760 works of art, willl have been researched.
The ongoing need for provenance research is part of the government’s funding programme despite the museum being a special case as it is not state-owned but a private foundation. It is however state-funded and since 2008 the government has financed 1.5 research positions.The dossiers on 312 works of art compiled by the two researchers Sonja Niederacher and Michael Wladika were submitted to an independent commission, but in the majority of cases the commission deemed that the status of the works could “not be assessed according to the current state of knowledge”.
“For years, now, Grünbaum’s heirs have fought to bring home works that were once part of his collection; however, they have faced a lot of push back and failure in the process. In 2005, an attempt to restitute Seated Woman With Bent Left Leg (Torso) by Schiele was thwarted when the court deemed that too much time had passed for Grünbaum’s heirs to lay claim to it. In 2015, Grünbaum’s heirs began the process of seeking the return of Schiele’s Woman in a Black Pinafore (1911) and Woman Hiding her Face (1912). Thanks to the HEAR Act, the case was heard and, in his ruling, Judge Ramos stated: ‘The HEAR Act compels us to help return Nazi-looted art to its heirs […] the gut-wrenching process by which Mr. Grünbaum’s property was looted.’”
Read the whole article here: https://www.lootedart.com/U28K6F947771
…Under New York law, Nagy could only receive good title to the artworks from a seller with good title to give. Since no evidence was presented to show anyone involved in the sale of the works since Grünbaum’s death had good title, Nagy was unable to prove he held title superior to the heirs…
Die deutsche Übersetzung des Artikels befindet sich am Ende des Posts.
20190823 New York Appellate Court Upholds Purpose of HEAR Act_ Austrian Performer’s Heirs Found to Have Superior Right to Looted Schiele Works _ Institute of Art and Law
20190823New York Berufungsgericht unterstützt das Ziel des HEAR Act -de
What this means for Fritz Grünbaum’s heirs, works by Egon Schiele, and the HEAR act
Appellate court upholds ruling by Justice Charles E
The German translation starts on page 47 / Die deutsche Übersetzung beginnt auf Seite 47
20190710 Decision Reif vs. Nagy.plus Translation